Culture of Historical Talents in Blessed Yanqing

  • offcial website of Beijing Expo 2019 2016-06-06 10:26:29

The seasons change fast, when several large-scale population migrations happen in history of Yanqing, so there are very few long-term native settlers. Those who were born and grew in Yanqing, and the outsiders who exerted great influence to this place, can be regarded as sages in Yanqing, among whom there are not a few virtuous celebrities and vivid historical figures worthy of praise and worship. Yanqing is a small county, but it shines with numerous outstanding talents.

Wang Cizhong: a calligrapher in Qin Dynasty, born in Shanggu Prefecture. Troubled by inconvenient writing of the then popular round-shaped Small Seal, he created a new style of calligraphy, clerical script, with square shape. Later on, due to the restricted character configuration, he developed Ba Fen style, an ancient script handed down to generation. Well-known calligraphers such as Wang Xizhi and Wang Xianzhi had practiced Ba Fen style. Therefore, Wang Cizhong has made invaluable contribution in the history of Chinese calligraphy.

Cheng Yan: styled himself Jiwen, born in Juyong County of Shanggu Prefecture. He is an articulate and clean-fingered diplomat in Northern Wei Dynasty, appreciated by Emperor Xiaowen. He served as Military Adviser of Fuguo Mansion under the reign of the dethroned emperor in Song Dynasty, as Assistant Department Director, Longxiang General and Head of Army in the period of Emperor Mingdi. In the reign title of Xingzhong, he was in charge of compiling national history. At the end of the reign title of Taihe, he was appointed to Yulinjian (Guard Director), Zhukeling, Weiyuan General and Manager of Water Affairs. After Emperor Xuanwu took the throne, Cheng Yan held concurrent posts of Youjun General, Xiaoqi General and Fuguo General gradually. In the reign title of Jingming, he was appointed as Chief of Prefecture Pingyang. Rewarded as Governor of Prefecture Guangzhou, he was given a posthumous title of Ding.

Empress Dowager Xiao: (953~1009) a military commander, and politician in Liao Dynasty. As the Empress of Emperor Jingdi and a Khitan, she styled herself Yanyan, with the name of Chuo. She acted as regent after her son Yelü Longxu took the throne as the Emperor Shengzong. In 983, awarded as Chengtian Empress Dowager, she was able to participate in the national political decision-making. In 1004, she signed “Chanyuan Treaty” with Emperor Zhenzong in Song Dynasty, maintaining the frontier peace temporarily. According to legend, remains of “Dream Realization Temple”,“Raising Goose Pool”, and “Lotus Pond” in current Yanqing are all related to this Empress Dowager.

Li Xicheng: founder of Zhendadao Daoism, which has been handed down to his fifth generation. According to History of Yuan Dynasty—Li Xicheng Biography and Annals of Longqing, Li Xicheng was born in a prominent family in Guichuan. After taking in charge of religious affairs, he lived in Tianbao Palace in Yancheng, enlightened by Emperor Xianzong in Mongolia. During the period he served as religious leader, Li Xicheng toured around countries, as far as remote exotic areas, and got respected and worshiped whenever he arrived in. Nowadays, temple relics built by Li Xicheng can also be found in Daguantou, Xiaoguantou, Jingang Temple, and Shuiyu in Yanqing.

Li Yan: born in urban Yanqing. In 1451 when he obtained Tien Si (a person who passed all three examinations held by the government), he was appointed as military manager, Vice Director of Court of Censors, Assistant Minister of the Ministry of Revenue and the Minister of Ministry of Revenue. As an official, Li Yan had made outstanding contributions in finance and frontier defense, personally leading the repair and maintenance of Dujiangyan Water Conservancy Project in Guanxian County, Sichuan Province. Serving as the governor in charge of military provisions, he encountered drought for consecutive year in Shaanxi Province, and led to dig canals of more than one hundred kilometers, for irrigation from Weihe River, and got reward of 4,000 Baochao (the then paper currency) by the emperor.

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