Culture of Historical Talents in Blessed Yanqing

  • offcial website of Beijing Expo 2019 2016-06-06 10:26:29

Emperor Renzong—Ayurbarwada in Yuan Dynasty: Ayurbarwada (1285~1320), on the throne for ten years (1311~1320). With the posthumous title of Renzong, he is the fourth emperor of the Yuan Dynasty. The Mongolian emperor was born in a garden of Jinshan County (now Shang Garden and Xia Garden of Yanqing nearby). After he ascended the throne, he lifted the status of Jinshan County to Longqing Prefecture. He learned Confucian classics from the Vice Chief of Taichang Temple in his early years, obsessed in these classics, instead of hunting, punitive expedition or commercial benefits. The Confucian ethics and politics exerted great influence on him, making him a more open-minded emperor.

Zhao Hong: As the Minister of Ministry of Military in Ming Dynasty (1364~1436), he styled himself Yunhan, born in Xixia County of Mingshan (moving to Xiangfu County of Henan Province). Under the command of Emperor Chengzu in Ming Dynasty, he supervised the construction of prefectures and counties such as Longqing, Baoan, and Yongning, soothing new residents by making them to live and work in peace and contentment. Then, he was appointed as the Minister of Ministry of Military, specialized in military affairs beyond the Great Wall.

Yu Chenglong: born in north Yanqing. After he obtained Tien Si (a person who passed all three examinations held by the government), he successively served as Magistrate of Luocheng County in Guangxi Province, Magistrate of Huangzhou Prefecture, Provincial Governor of Zhili and Governor of Jiangxi Province and Governor of Jiangsu and Anhui provinces. During his tenure, he was widely praised for the integrity. As Provincial Governor of Zhili, he led the maintenance of Yongding River water conservancy project in person. Yongding River, formerly known as the Wuding River, was under construction until 1701 when Emperor Kangxi granted the name after the report of Yu Chenglong.

Zhan Tianyou: (April 26, 1861~April 24, 1919), he styled himself Juancheng, with a title of Dachao, as an outstanding patriotic engineer, and modern railway engineering specialist in China. He studied in the United States at the age of 12 and was enrolled by Civil Engineering Department of Yale University in 1878 majoring in Railway Engineering. Back home he presided over China’s first self-constructed railway, Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway, honored as “Father of Chinese Railway” and “Father of Modern Chinese Engineering".

Xue Lu: originally from Hancheng County of Shaanxi Province, his family moved to Xuejia Island (now Huangdao District, Qingdao, Shandong Province) in the second year of the reign title of Hongwu in Ming Dynasty. As a respectful minister with great battle achievements to three emperors of Chengzu, Renzong and Xuanzong, he made distinctive suggestions to Emperor Xuanzong to build military castles in Tuanshan, Diao’e, Chicheng, Yunzhou and Dushi by Yongning Guard for defense. At that time, Xue Lu was nearly at the age of 60, but he still personally made reconnaissance and supervised the construction. Due to constant overwork, he died of illness in July 23, 1430.

Xie Tinggui: he styled himself Shifang, born in Puban of Shanxi Provinve (now Yongji, Shanxi). He obtained Juren in 1453, and was appointed as Vice Magistrate of Changzhou Prefecture in 1467. In 1475, he was banished to Longqing Prefecture, living in Lingzhao Temple. Xie Tinggui spent at least 25 years in Yanqing since 1475. Due to foundation of profound learning inherited by the family, he learned from his uncle Xie Ju, the Supervisory Censor who studied from the famous neo-confucianist Cao Duan in Ming dynasty. Xie Tinggui was invited to compile Annals of Longqing as soon as he arrived in Longqing Prefecture, as the editor of the earliest local annals in existence.

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