Modern Civilization and Lyrical Dwelling: Development of Ecological Civilization in Yanqing

  • offcial website of Beijing Expo 2019  2016-Mar-29 09:03:23

    Development of Ecological Civilization in Yanqing

    In 1986, the "Lengliang Strategy" was initiated.

In 1987, Yanqing was chosen by Beijing Municipal Government as a vegetable base during off-season in August and September. In the same year, a total of 28,000 mu of commercial vegetables were planted in 133 villages in the county. From Jan. 1987 to 2014, Longqing Valley Ice Lantern Festival had been held for 28 times.

In 1994, Yanqing, its vegetable planting area amounted to 65,000 mu, was named North Vegetable Garden of Beijing by the Municipal Government of Beijing.

In 1995, the area of the vegetable land reached 3,394 hectares, with commercial vegetable output hitting 260,000 tons.

In 1996, the "Sandong" strategy of "Driven by Tourism, Led by Town and Promoted by Science and Education" was initiated and included in the "Ninth Five Year Plan" for National economic and social development of Yanqing County. The concept of "Beijing Summer Capital" was brought up in Feb., 1996.

In 1999, the establishment of priority principle for ecological protection was initiated.

In 2000, Yanqing County was included in the first group of National Ecological Demonstration Zone by State Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA), the only county in Beijing being selected.

In 2001, the strategy of "Sustainable Development", which was designed to give play to Yanqing's own advantages in ecological construction, was established to promote sustainable development.

In 2004, Yanqing, in the large pattern of the capital's development, reoriented itself to settle on the development idea of making contributions to integrating and serving the construction of international metropolis.

In 2005, the concept of strengthening ecological construction and continuously promoting the construction of modern international tourism leisure business district was initiated. The Municipal Government of Beijing chose Yanqing and other five counties as the Ecological Conservation Development Areas of the capital, thus making clear the functional orientation of Yanqing.

    In 2006, the implementation of development strategy of ecological civilization was initiated to improve core competitiveness of regional economy, accelerate the construction of ecologically livable city, comprehensively promote the construction of new socialist countryside, achieve good and quick economic and social development, and to work strenuously to build a harmonious Yanqing.

In 2007, Yanqing was awarded "National Demonstration Zone in the Operation of ISO14000 Environmental Management System by State Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA)", "National Green and Well off County"by Publicity Department of the Communist Party of China, Civilization Office of the Central Communist Party Committee, State Afforestation Committee, State Forestry Administration of People's Republic of China, and "National Health county"by State Patriotic Public Health Campaign Committee.

In 2008, Yanqing suggested to further implement the strategy of ecological civilization, strenuously promote scientific development, focus on promoting social harmony, and constantly promote the sound and fast economic and social development in Yanqing. Yanqing was awarded "National Ecological County" by Ministry of Environmental Protection of the People's Republic of China.

In 2009, the objective centering on the construction of Capital Ecological Leisure Business District was initiated to unswervingly implement the strategy of ecological civilization. After certain researches, the Three Year Action Plan for the Construction of Ecological Civilization in Yanqing County (2010?2012)was promulgated. Yanqing was chosen by Ministry of Environmental Protection of the People's Republic of China as National Pilot County of Ecological Civilization Construction.

In 2010, Yanqing proposed to unswervingly implement the strategy of ecological civilization, carry out the Three Year Action Plan for the Construction of Ecological Civilization in Yanqing County, focus on the development of ecological economy, the expansion of ecological advantages, and the overall planning for urban and rural development, and construct the most livable city and the most beautiful countryside in Beijing. Unremitting efforts were made to build a prosperous, civilized, livable and harmonious new Yanqing.

In 2011, the plan to deeply implement the development strategy of ecological civilization by focusing on building the international tourism and leisure area featuring "County and Landscape Two in One" was outlined to comprehensively build the green Beijing demonstration zone and create a new situation in the modernization process of Yanqing. Yanqing was entitled "National Green Energy Demonstration County". The county smoothly went through the final evaluation and acceptance by the National Tourism Administration in creating the "National Tourism Standardization Demonstration County", the only county in Beijing to win this honor.

In 2012, the objectives in the Three Year Action Plan for the Construction of Ecological Civilization in Yanqing County (2010-2012)were basically completed. Yanqing had passed the expert review for the National Ecological Civilization County on Soil and Water Conservation. The county had completed the plain afforestation project of 23,000 mu, with its greening rate reaching 73.5%.

In 2013, the "Four Coexistence" concept describing the stage characteristics of the development of Yanqing was put forward. Yanqing must gain a deeper understanding of the dialectical relationship between conservation and development, unswervingly implement the development strategy of ecological civilization, and strive with vigor, in an attempt to basically build a green Beijing demonstration zone, complete the process of building a moderately well-off society in all aspects, and spare no effort in building a beautiful Yanqing with greener mountains, clearer water, fresher air and happier people. In the same year, Beijing Yanqing Geological Park was entitled "China Yanqing World Geological Park," and the Wild Duck Lake National Wetland Park was elevated to National 4A Level Scenic Spot among the first group of National Eco Tourism Demonstration Area, with the rate of woody plant cover hitting 74%.

In 2014, Yanqing proposed to study and implement the spirits of speeches delivered by General Secretary Xi Jinping, and identify the specific direction of Yanqing in the large pattern of capital development in the new period. Yanqing must have a world perspective, establish world standard, and pool together world resources, to build the beautiful Yanqing into a place of world standard. Yanqing must strive to become a window showcasing the achievements of ecological civilization in Beijing, a spiritual home for citizens of the capital for relaxation, and a model for the win-win development of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei.

In 2014, the World Grape Conference was held in Yanqing. Yanqing was chosen as the National Pilot Demonstration County in the Construction of Main Functional Area and the first group of demonstration areas of ecological civilization in the country, and was nominated as the "National Civilized City at County Level", with the rate of woody plant cover hitting 74.5%.

★Stage characteristics of Four Coexistences: coexistence of excellent ecological environment and weak economic foundation, coexistence of increased external pressure of development and insufficient internal production impetus, coexistence of the requirement for integrated diversity resource development and lack of overall planning and coordination abilities, and coexistence of the increased demand of the mass for public service and insufficient capacity to provide services.

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