Protective Management for Ecological Environment

  • offcial website of Beijing Expo 2019 2016-06-06 11:03:42

As an important ecological rehabilitation development area of Beijing, Yanqing plays an irreplaceable and significant ecological role to the construction of green Beijing in ecological rehabilitation, water resource protection, and sandstorm prevention. Environmental protection has become a core content and intrinsic requirement of Yanqing in economic construction and social development.

Environmental protection of Yanqing is more than simply tail-end pollution abatement, but also runs through the whole process from economic and social development strategy, industrial and enterprise resource utilization, and production process to waste treatment and recycling. The key to environmental protection of Yanqing has been gradually transferred from the project construction which lays emphasis on pollution remediation to the higher level of supervising environmental facility’s operation, improving supporting facility, operating efficiency and environment standard. Meanwhile, combination between environmental protection and primary, secondary, and tertiary industry is being constantly enhanced. Improvement of the ecological level of industries promotes the healthy development of Yanqing’s circular economy, while the effect of transforming ecological advantage into development advantage is further highlighted. Ecological construction and ecological protection of Yanqing can be divided into two hierarchies: the first hierarchy is restoration and treatment, and the second hierarchy is environment beautification and landscape construction. Afforestation, water environment treatment, atmospheric environment treatment, acoustics environment cleaning, solid waste pollution prevention and control, natural conservation area and environmental protection of tourist attraction, as well as urban and rural environment comprehensive management have greatly enriched the connotation of Yanqing’s ecological construction.

Afforestation First: Planting Trees to Create Forests

In 2006, Yanqing County won two awards: National Model County of Afforestation, and National Garden County. The county has constructed 9 natural conservation areas of national, municipal, and county level, with an area accounting for 27% of the total in the county. Wetland area reaches up to 100 square kilometers, accounting for 5% of the total.

The highlight of afforestation in plain region is to emphasize ecology, landscaping, and prosperity. It was planned that, since the year of 2012, the county would afforest on the plain for 120,000 mu in 5 years, so as to improve forest coverage rate by 4 percent. 16, 047 mu is distributed in Caijiahe Watershed, 1,632 mu along both sides of Kangzhang Road, and 6,046 mu along both sides of Kangxin Road. 50 villages from 7 towns, including Zhangshanying, Yanqing Town, Kangzhuang, Badaling, Dayushu, Jingzhuang and Yongning, are involved in the project. The objective is to create a forestry landscape comprised of continuous vast woodlands, interlaced green roads, scattered parks, correlative trees and rivers, so as to form a green and ecological layout that “the county is surrounded by green hills, with forests all around”. In 2012, the first year of plain afforestation project, 23,000 mu high-standard and high-quality forest was formed, becoming a highlight of Beijing.

Moreover, the project of managing Beijing-Tianjin sandstorm source is implemented to promote the great development of forestry with large scale project. Large scale air seeding and afforestation, closing hillsides to facilitate afforestation, as well as nurturing middle and young aged forest are implemented on remote mountains and hills. The sustainable development path oriented on ecological construction is preliminarily established, while the land ecological safety system with forest vegetation as the foundation, trees and shrubs as the supplement is formed. The projects improved forest coverage rate, as well as water and soil conservation ability of related areas. As for this, vegetation in project areas is restored, water and soil loss is controlled, and ecological environment develops towards a benign direction. By closing hillsides to facilitate afforestation, shrub land developed from pure shrub type into the vertically mingled forest stand with trees, shrubs and grasses. Air seeding and afforestation restored the vegetation of remote waste hills and lands that are inaccessible to artificial afforestation. Air seeding and afforestation, closing hillsides to facilitate afforestation, as well as nurturing middle and young aged forest are implemented altogether, which improve forest ratio by 1 percent per year.

Moreover, 10 large scale city parks, including Xiangshuiyuan Park, Xiadu Park, Guishui Park, and Wanmu Ecological Park (covering 10,000 mu in area), 2 squares, and 8 “beautiful garden towns” are constructed, improving green space per capita up to 69.51 square meters. Guihe Forest Park completed construction and has been put to use. It is one of the 11 new urban and river-side forest parks of Beijing, as well as a model project for Yanqing to implement ecological and leisure facility construction and environment afforestation.

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